Obamacare – or, more officially, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) – insurance mandate, along with its health insurance premium subsidies available from insurance marketplaces, premium tax credit (PTC), and penalty for not being insured, is going to affect just about every taxpayer in one way or another.
It is important for everyone to understand that new, substantial, and sometimes complicated reporting requirements have been added to the 2014 tax return to facilitate the ACA insurance mandate. As a result, taxpayers need to be prepared for a variety of new forms they will be receiving starting in January 2015 from their insurance companies, employers, and the marketplace that they will need in order to prepare their tax returns.
These forms, which are also filed with the government, will:
- Provide proof of ACA acceptable monthly insurance coverage for all family members that you will use on your 2014 tax return to avoid being assessed a penalty for not being insured.
- Provide the government, and you, with the amount of monthly advance premium tax credit (APTC) – sometimes referred to as a premium subsidy – you may have benefited from if you purchased health insurance from a government-run insurance marketplace (also known as an exchange). These amounts are needed to determine if you are entitled to an additional PTC or if you must repay some portion of the APTC. The insurance marketplaces will provide this information on a Form 1095-A. Private insurance companies will provide proof of coverage on Form 1095-B.
Things can get pretty complicated if your tax family or household income changed during the year and you did not report the change to the marketplace. When a taxpayer was married or divorced during the year or an individual who is not in your tax family was included in insurance purchased through the marketplace, the insurance premiums and APTC must be allocated among those insured by the month.
To make matters worse, the IRS is letting both employers and insurance companies use alternative means of providing the required information for 2014, which means you will need to watch out for substitute reporting not included on the official IRS forms.
All of this additional reporting and allocating, if necessary, greatly adds to the complexity of 2014 tax returns, especially for taxpayers who qualify for the PTC and those who’ve received APTC through the marketplace.